Values displayed by this script currently represent gross totals and do not account for GDax's commission fees. Kudos to our firefighters, since we were one of the first crypto companies to do so. How Coinbase approaches forked and airdropped assetsand 3. However in terms of magnitude, it was still slower than open-ethereum for instance. Clojure Updated Apr 25, It makes sense that Coinbase would be slow and steady and take a methodical approach as that is their style be we talking about Bitcoin Cash or Segwit … but at some point they are going to have to address this.
Poloniex at first was focused on the American market, but later on was able to gather the altcoin-traders from all across the globe. It goes without saying, Poloniex or Polo is one of the most prominent altcoin-concentrated crypto-exchanges, for which it is valued by the altcoin traders globally. REST API allows to download transaction sorted by days, which assists with extracting cryptocurrency historical data in a fast manner.
There are cryptocurrency pairs traded on the platform. The author has had the access issues because of the IP. It is exploited to connect and trade with all sorts of cryptocurrency, both BTC and altcoins, and payment processing services globally. By providing a quick access to market data for storage, a comprehensive analysis, visualization, indicator development, algorithmic trading, strategy backtesting, bot programming, webshop integration and related software engineering, CCXT surely proved to be useful.
As a whole, CCXT allows for avoiding the endpoints of crypto-exchanges, but one has to still know and understand the documentation to download the data correctly. For instance, Corbet et al. Whereas, Demir et al.
Therefore, during times of economic and financial instability, investors withdraw their investment from traditional financial assets like bonds, stocks etc. Since Bitcoin behave independently from economic and financial developments 14 ; therefore, during times of extreme uncertainty or risk, Bitcoin offers significant diversification benefits for the investors.
Bitcoin has the largest market capitalization and is considered as an alternative currency and medium of exchange. Bitcoin appears to be commodity money without gold, fiat money without state, and credit money without debt The authors argued that Bitcoin provides a different opportunity for investments 16 as it embodies innovative technology and high security Bitcoin has also created huge media attention in recent years, mainly due to its price fluctuations and potential for profit opportunities and transparency Scholars have a different opinion about Bitcoin; some argue that Bitcoin is an efficient market 19 , 20 , others argue that Bitcoin is moving consistently toward efficiency The researchers also argue that there are significant instability and bubbles in the Bitcoin.
As a result, there is a speculative investment tendency related to Bitcoin The year witnessed a drastic increase and decrease in Bitcoin demand, which brought scholars' attention to increasingly investigate Bitcoin's economic and financial determinants. It is the most widely used cryptocurrency, followed by Ethereum and Ripple In this paper, we re-examine the determinants of Bitcoin returns.
Here, it is essential to know that the existing literature examining the impact of EPU on Bitcoin returns still inconclusive to present an undisputed argument with regards to Bitcoin hedging effectiveness against economic policy uncertainty capturing the COVID period 25 — Various studies assessing the role of economic policy uncertainty on different investment assets conclude that economic policy uncertainty has a positive influence not only on Bitcoin 9 but also on bonds 30 and commodities 31 , The empirical research has proved that Bitcoin remained resilient during times of uncertainty and stress, signifying its hedging capacity [see e.
Whereas, Fang et al. Since the literature on the impact of EPU on the hedging effectiveness of Bitcoin is still inconclusive; therefore, it is imperative to investigate this phenomenon further because such an inference is beneficial for the predictability of Bitcoin returns and improves investor's diversification and hedging decisions depending upon the level of economic policy uncertainty.
Furthermore, since the empirical literature examining the relationship between global economic policy uncertainty and Bitcoin returns is an under-researched area of study, therefore this study aims at investigating the role of Bitcoin to act as a hedging tool against economic policy uncertainty by considering the uncertainty caused by COVID era in source country China.
This method allows us to see how extreme uncertainty affects Bitcoin returns and whether the CEPU can explain extreme Bitcoin returns. Considering the above factors, we relate our study to the existing empirical literature investigating the relationship and hedging effectiveness of Bitcoin against various variants of the EPU indices [see e. In the backdrop of the above information, the study continues as follows.
Section Literature review provides the literature review. Section Data, model, and estimation procedure describes the data and the estimation procedure. Section Empirical Findings presents the empirical analysis and discussion of results. Section Conclusion provides concluding remarks. Literature Review Bitcoin has become the most popular digital currency since its launch in The independent framework in which it operates without the regulations of central governments and traditional financial institutions has given Bitcoin much popularity.
The cryptocurrency market technology depends on mass collaboration, and its decentralized system validates Bitcoin transactions to prevent fraud. The distributed ledger named Blockchain digitally stores all the transactions, thus ensuring security and integrity. Recently, scholars have started to investigate the economic and financial traits of Bitcoin due to; Bitcoin's price volatility 38 , bubble formation 7 , 39 , 40 , mounting regulatory scrutiny and market manipulation 41 , and speculative nature 40 , Scholars also investigated Bitcoin's use for money laundering purposes 43 or Ponzi schemes Amongst financial scholars modeling Bitcoin volatility is a widely researched topic.
Several studies used different models to analyze Bitcoin volatility persistence and spillovers [see e. However, most of these studies have used GARCH-based models because of their ability to illustrate Bitcoin's conditional variance. Similarly, another strand of literature relating to Bitcoin's international diversification and hedging ability is also increasingly explored by scholars.
Several studies [see e. For instance, using the multivariate quantile model, Wang et al. EPU index to Bitcoin. Similarly, Wu et al. The authors use the GARCH model and quantile regression with dummy variables, and the results indicate that the following results. First, both assets are unsuccessful at average to act as a reliable hedge or safe-haven against the EPU.
Second, considering extreme market conditions, Bitcoin and Gold both act weakly against uncertainty shocks. Third, Bitcoin is more resilient against EPU shocks as compared to gold. These findings correspond to other studies [see e. The extant empirical literature shows that the factors determining Bitcoin price are markedly different than those of conventional assets, for e. Certain unique factors also determine Bitcoin price, e.
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Welcome to BTC Markets API v3. Overview. Added valueInQuoteAsset to REST API - List Trades API; Added clientTransferId for Fund Management APIs - . A community dedicated to Bitcoin, the currency of the Internet. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. Search within r/Bitcoin. r/Bitcoin. Log In Sign Up. User . Simple API for Blockchain Wallet users to send and receive bitcoin payments. The Blockchain Wallet API provides a simple interface Merchants can use to programmatically interact with .